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Ceremony,Controversy For Harris in Asia09/25 08:07

   Attending funerals on behalf of the United States is normally a 
straightforward assignment for a vice president, but Kamala Harris will 
confront controversy at nearly every turn as she visits Asia for the memorial 
honoring former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- Attending funerals on behalf of the United States is 
normally a straightforward assignment for a vice president, but Kamala Harris 
will confront controversy at nearly every turn as she visits Asia for the 
memorial honoring former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

   American allies are seeking clarity after mixed messages over whether 
President Joe Biden would send troops to defend Taiwan from a Chinese invasion, 
a potential conflict that could swiftly engulf the rest of the region. There's 
the potential for more provocations from North Korea, which test-fired a 
missile shortly before Harris' departure Sunday from Washington.

   Meanwhile, South Korea and Japan are inching toward a reconciliation that 
would heal some of the wounds left from World War II, with the U.S. gingerly 
trying to nudge along the process. And there's resentment over a new U.S. law 
that makes electric vehicles built outside of North America ineligible for 

   Even Abe's state funeral Tuesday itself is a sensitive topic in Japan, where 
such memorials are uncommon and the late leader's legacy remains disputed. Abe, 
a conservative nationalist in a country that embraced pacifism after World War 
II, was assassinated with a homemade firearm nearly three months ago.

   In a reflection of deep divisions, an elderly man reportedly set himself on 
fire to protest the funeral, and more demonstrations are expected in the coming 
days. The controversy has politically weakened Japan's current prime minister, 
Fumio Kishida, at a time when his government is planning to further Abe's goal 
of strengthening the country's military.

   If Japan moves forward with its proposed military spending, it will have the 
world's third-largest defense budget in the coming years as tensions rise 
between China and the United States over Taiwan. The island is a self-governing 
democracy, but Beijing views it as part of its territory and has pledged to 
reunify it with the mainland.

   Harris, who is leading a delegation of current and former U.S. officials to 
the funeral, plans to spend three nights in Tokyo. She is expected to meet with 
Kishida, South Korean Prime Minister Han Duck-soo and Australian Prime Minister 
Anthony Albanese. Harris plans to meet with Japanese business leaders as the 
U.S. seeks to expand computer chip manufacturing and visit with U.S. sailors 
serving on an American destroyer at a nearby naval base.

   It will be the vice president's second trip to Asia since taking office in 
January 2021.

   At a stop in South Korea, she intends to see President Yoon Suk Yeol and 
host a roundtable discussion with leading women -- a delicate topic in a 
country where Yoon has faced criticism for his male-dominated administration.

   Relations between South Korea and Japan remain strained because of the 
legacy of Japan's aggression during World War II. Koreans are seeking 
compensation over forced labor and sex slavery that occurred when Japan 
occupied their country.

   Kishida and Yoon announced Thursday at the United Nations that they will 
accelerate their work to repair their two countries' relationship.

   Biden met separately with each leader, and the U.S. is eager to see the two 
allies resolve their issues as it seeks a united front against China.

   Taiwan remains a flashpoint, and tensions have been rising in recent months.

   House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., visited the Taiwan in August, 
outraging Beijing, which responded by holding military exercises. Although 
Chinese leaders have said they seek peaceful reunification with Taiwan, the 
exercises are a reminder of the possibility that Beijing could use force.

   China also fired missiles into waters near some of Japan's southern islands, 
a reminder that any conflict over Taiwan would be a threat to other countries 
as well.

   The U.S. has 55,000 troops based in Japan, with more than half on the 
southern island of Okinawa. Earlier this month, Okinawa reelected a governor 
who calls for a reduction in the U.S. presence there.

   Biden said in a recent CBS "60 Minutes" interview that the U.S. would send 
its own troops to defend Taiwan if China invaded. But there is no formal 
defense treaty with Taiwan and administration officials have repeatedly said 
Biden's comments don't reflect a change in policy, muddying the waters over 
what, exactly, the U.S. would do.

   "It is ambiguous," said Ja-Ian Chong, an associate professor of political 
science at the National University of Singapore. "But whether it's 
strategically ambiguous, I don't know."

   More controversy awaits Harris in South Korea, where there's outrage over 
new U.S. rules that make electric cars built outside of North America 
ineligible for U.S. government subsidies. The policy was included in the 
Inflation Reduction Act, a landmark piece of legislation that includes nearly 
$375 billion for climate change initiatives.

   Yoon, South Korea's recently elected president, had spent his first few 
months in office emphasizing his country's close ties with the U.S., but now 
officials are expressing a sense of betrayal. They want the rules to be 
postponed until 2025, when Korean automaker Hyundai plans to complete a new 
factory in Georgia.

   Yoon's government is also considering whether it should file a complaint at 
the World Trade Organization over the law, which it sees as potentially 
violating trade rules and an agreement between the two countries.

   South Korean officials are also seeking cooperation with European nations 
such as Germany and Sweden, which they say share similar concerns about their 
electric vehicles exported to the U.S., to put more pressure on Washington over 
the "discriminatory" withdrawals of subsidies.

   The dispute is an unpleasant sequel to Biden's trip to Seoul earlier this 
year, when he celebrated automaker Hyundai's plans to invest $10 billion in the 
United States. About half of that money is for the Georgia factory.

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